Thursday, July 22, 2021

I'm still here... just distracted

Sorry about the ongoing failure to post, but I have plans to get back to something more consistent... soon. 

In the meantime, you may like to follow me on Quora. I do post there (almost daily) on many topics, including finance, business, economics, society, and science.

Stay well, keep safe.

Sunday, August 21, 2011

The penny finally drops for HP as it prepares to drop the PC business

It was inevitable that one day HP would tire of the high-volume but low-margin PC hardware business, and now that day has edged a little closer. By shoring up software and services it is following IBM's lead, however it should be noted that IBM - who started the whole "IBM-compatible PC" market in the first place - got out of the mass market for PC hardware years ago. HP will keep making printers but I suspect the lower-value consumer printers will slowly disappear, too, as HP looks for higher margins. But brand pride's at stake as well - so who knows what will happen, or when. HP will certainly look to divest itself of any left-over low-margin hardware or software and ditch any poorer-performing niche products. Why throw more money away when you have already thrown away a lot? So expect a few HP cut-and-run announcements from here, especially in areas where it doesn't really affect the HP brand itself. A prime driver behind these decisions has to be longer-term protection of the brand.

As for PCs overall, they remain a huge if slowly-declining market. When HP leaves the gap will be closed and life will go on. Whilst competition now takes many forms (smart phones and tablets for starters) there remains a need for the traditional big box and monitor, but at low-cost and low margin. We should also expect to see further aggregation into a smaller number of PC makers catering for the mass market as well as a continued splintering into smaller, more profitable niche markets at the top end.   

HP exploring PC spinoff, buying software company |
The purchase of Autonomy, which was founded in 1996 and makes software for companies to search and manage huge databases, fits the strategy of "building a successful software business," he said.

"Autonomy brings to HP higher value business solutions that will help customers manage the explosion of information," he said.

"Autonomy has an attractive business model, including a strong cloud based solution set, which is aligned with HP's efforts to improve our portfolio mix."

Technology analysts said HP's decision to abandon its PC unit recalls that of US computer giant IBM, which sold its PC business to China's Lenovo in 2004 for $1.25 billion.

Gartner analyst Mark Margevicius cautioned, however, that "we're not in an era when the PC is dead.

"The PC market is flat but it's still a huge business," Margevicius said.

It remains HP's largest single revenue generator, but it "just doesn't produce all that much profit," he said. "The PC market has transformed into a tactical, commoditized business.

"HP, as a vendor, has many, many things within its coffers to sell to its customers. It sells services, it sells online stuff, it's got networking stuff, it's got software," he said.

"It's got all kinds of other things that from a business point of view make far better margins and profit than does the PC business," Margevicius said.

"If the PC business was a business that generated 20 percent margins, HP's not dumping their PC business," the Gartner analyst said.

Tuesday, July 12, 2011

No I'm not spamming you, it's just a blog-list

I've been a bit slack here with my posting but there's been a lot more activity on my other blogs... please check 'em out!

Addicted2wheels - bike racing for everyone
Offline - my take on the planet and its politics
Dopage - all the dope on the dopes who dope, allegedly
Secrets of a Sydney Past - personal photos and recollections of Sydney's history
Central Coast Imagery - my photography blog
Musical Must-knows - software and gadgets for the electronic audio artiste
My Alfa Blog - as in rust-free Italians
My PC Help Blog - as in fixing hardware and software

Tuesday, July 06, 2010

The Chinese Volvo deal rolls forward as EU approves sale from Ford to Geely

It makes as much sense as a Ford-owned Swedish car maker in my book, so bring it on. Ford has sold off just about everything interesting in the past few years in a so-far successful bid to turn a buck. There can't be much left to sell off now so they'd better come up with some new, attractive and more modern cars soon...

China's Geely Wins Approval To Buy Volvo
BRUSSELS (AP) -- European Union regulators on Tuesday approved Chinese carmaker Geely to buy Sweden's iconic Volvo Cars.

The European Commission said it sees no antitrust problems with Zhejiang Geely Holding Co.'s $1.8 billion acquisition of Volvo Cars from Ford Motor Co. because the takeover won't give either company the power to damage rivals.

Geely sells hardly any cars in Europe and Volvo only has "very limited" operations as a car parts supplier, it said.

Geely's acquisition of Volvo from Ford Motor Co. has been heralded as a breakthrough deal for China's auto industry, giving one of its most ambitious automakers a well-known, prestigious global brand and access to top-tier technology.

Revenge of the beige box? Business replacement cycle kicks off PC market, delaying 'death by iPad' I guess

Let's not forget the widely-reported death of the PC market due to the iPad and other smart tablet devices. Of course these Gartner figures do not include iPads - they are a separate category. In any case it would be good to see a breakdown of sales.... by netbook, laptop and tablet as well as traditional beige box.

Big Jump In PC Market Sales - Channel News
Recovery has sparked the PC market in Australia, with 2010 shipments expected to reach more than 5.3 million, up 13.5 per cent over 2009, according to market research firm Gartner.

That compares with the 0.3 per cent growth rate experienced in 2009, Gartner says in its latest market update.

And for a change the business sector is expected to account for most of the growth, as enterprises begin ordering replacements for ageing PCs after having held off purchases for the past 18 months.

PayPal co-founder Musk persists in funding and floating loss-making EV startup

Can't fault a man for trying, is what some may say here. If you've got the cash and a big idea, why not? And EVs will be big one day. Only problems may be (a) that day if still a ways off and (b) starting with a sports car may grab headlines but not wider sales. OTOH Musk reckons it's a profitable business, if you discount the "high growth mode" expenses.

At some point a rethink of that growth may be in order.

Elon Musk On What's Next For Tesla -
The company is just over six years old and it's in high growth mode, which explains its heavy losses: $261 million in losses just since 2007. Musk has poured nearly all of the fortune he made when eBay ( EBAY - news - people ) bought PayPal (Musk was a PayPal cofounder) into his battery-operated cars. According to his divorce filing, Musk is officially broke as a result.

"I think an important point to consider is that if Tesla was just to sell sports cars and do power train work [for other] companies, we would be profitable," explains Musk. "The reason that we're unprofitable is that we're in very high-growth mode. We're eventually going to grow by 3,000% or 4,000%."

Tuesday, June 22, 2010

Here's a market opportunity - autosensing thermoreflective glass. As long as making it doesn't use more energy than it saves

The idea is good - as temperature rises the glass darkens. It's hardly new, there are similar but different methods to do this, but it may be a cheaper and more scalable way. As long as the processes involved in making it don't overwhelm the savings.

RavenWindow automatically changes transparency with temperature
The key element in the window is a layer of thermoreflective material between the internal and external layers of glass. When the temperature of that material exceeds the threshold, it becomes reflective, bouncing off at least 90% of the incoming solar energy.

Monday, June 21, 2010

Tablets to eat Netbooks - well it's a good theory and we'll soon know

Apple is last to market with a Tablet PC but it leverages the iPod/iPhone sheen so well that it appears a game-changer. So much so that the previous Tablet makers will have to revamp and match or beat the iPad. And then of course the imitators will also jump on the bandwagon. Add all of this up and it's a big number - so where do all of these buyers come from?

We could guess that they are virgin buyers who would never have bought a similar product. That may be 20% of the sales, or perhaps more?

There could also be buyers who were umming and ahhing about a Kindle-like reader but have been seduced up market. Another 20%?

We could also assume that they were people about to update from something else, perhaps something more powerful but over-powered for their needs. That's not uncommon as most people are realising that even "standard" PCs really do far more than they truly need. Let's say that's 20% as well.

Well that's maybe 60% accounted for already. Indeed if anecdotal evidence is anything to go by (and it usually isn't) it's probably way higher than that as a lot of sales are going to Apple-freaks who would never buy anything else anyway, let alone something as dull and practical as a typical Netbook. 

So of the 40% left - or less, perhaps far less - we may be looking at potential Netbook users who just decided that slick and funky beats practical and cheap. But if they only buy what they need at the price point they want to buy at then the iPad and other tablets will not get those sales - not yet, anyway. Still, it does mean that there are some sales coming out of somewhere, doesn't it? But perhaps not from where we imagine. Time will tell.  

PC Netbook Market Set To Crash Say Experts - Channel News
In a recent report DisplaySearch said that during the first quarter, Apple shipped 700,000 iPads, comprising about 6.5 percent of the 10.15 million units shipped in the netbook/slate notebook sub-category. In addition, Apple has reported shipping 2 million iPads during just the first two months of the second quarter, which DisplaySearch estimates will give Apple about 30 percent of the market for that period.

DisplaySearch said that as additional non-Apple slates are rolled out later this year, the traditional clamshell netbook could continue to lose share.

"Strategic" HRM - the personnel office looks to make a return on investment. Or does it?

It's just logical - why wouldn't you have an HR department to look after the most important resource of any business, its people?

Well when times get tough that logic goes out the window and HR is asked to eat itself. Downsizing becomes easier than just doing the right thing and the shrinking HR department is called upon to make the redundancies "easier". So much for caring, sharing and loyalty.

Oh well, that's business and the game we are playing. If HR can't show a return on investment then its place at the corporate table will inevitably be questioned. Some larger companies resist these baser urges but most succumb, only to rebuild (at great expense) when the cycle turns upwards again. 

Human resource management - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Human resource management (HRM) is the strategic and coherent approach to the management of an organization's most valued assets - the people working there who individually and collectively contribute to the achievement of the objectives of the business.[1] The terms "human resource management" and "human resources" (HR) have largely replaced the term "personnel management" as a description of the processes involved in managing people in organizations.[1] In simple words, HRM means employing people, developing their capacities, utilizing, maintaining and compensating their services in tune with the job and organizational requirement.

An alternative or complementary finance analysis tool - > IRR

An alternative to NPV is IRR - but be wary, it's not always as usefully revealing and can lead you astray.

Internal rate of return - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The internal rate of return (IRR) is a rate of return used in capital budgeting to measure and compare the profitability of investments. It is also called the discounted cash flow rate of return (DCFROR) or simply the rate of return (ROR).[1] In the context of savings and loans the IRR is also called the effective interest rate. The term internal refers to the fact that its calculation does not incorporate environmental factors (e.g., the interest rate or inflation).

Internal rate of return - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Because the internal rate of return is a rate quantity, it is an indicator of the efficiency, quality, or yield of an investment. This is in contrast with the net present value, which is an indicator of the value or magnitude of an investment.

An investment is considered acceptable if its internal rate of return is greater than an established minimum acceptable rate of return or cost of capital. In a scenario where an investment is considered by a firm that has equity holders, this minimum rate is the cost of capital of the investment (which may be determined by the risk-adjusted cost of capital of alternative investments). This ensures that the investment is supported by equity holders since, in general, an investment whose IRR exceeds its cost of capital adds value for the company (i.e., it is profitable).
Internal Rate Of Return (IRR)
The discount rate often used in capital budgeting that makes the net present value of all cash flows from a particular project equal to zero. Generally speaking, the higher a project's internal rate of return, the more desirable it is to undertake the project. As such, IRR can be used to rank several prospective projects a firm is considering. Assuming all other factors are equal among the various projects, the project with the highest IRR would probably be considered the best and undertaken first.

IRR is sometimes referred to as "economic rate of return (ERR)".

It gets bandied about by Telstra and the mining lobby but what is it - > NPV

NPV has been bandied about in Australia quite a lot lately. It's been raised by both sides in the Resources Super Profit Tax debate and today by Telstra when putting a value on the sale of the copper and hybrid coax network to the NBN. In both instances the term has been misued to some degree, either by providing misleading information (the mining lobby) or insufficent detail (Telstra). So, just what is NPV?

Net present value - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In finance, the net present value (NPV) or net present worth (NPW)[1] of a time series of cash flows, both incoming and outgoing, is defined as the sum of the present values (PVs) of the individual cash flows. In the case when all future cash flows are incoming (such as coupons and principal of a bond) and the only outflow of cash is the purchase price, the NPV is simply the PV of future cash flows minus the purchase price (which is its own PV). NPV is a central tool in discounted cash flow (DCF) analysis, and is a standard method for using the time value of money to appraise long-term projects. Used for capital budgeting, and widely throughout economics, finance, and accounting, it measures the excess or shortfall of cash flows, in present value terms, once financing charges are met.

The NPV of a sequence of cash flows takes as input the cash flows and a discount rate or discount curve and outputting a price; the converse process in DCF analysis, taking as input a sequence of cash flows and a price and inferring as output a discount rate (the discount rate which would yield the given price as NPV) is called the yield, and is more widely used in bond trading.

Net Present Value (NPV)
What Does Net Present Value - NPV Mean?
The difference between the present value of cash inflows and the present value of cash outflows. NPV is used in capital budgeting to analyze the profitability of an investment or project.

NPV analysis is sensitive to the reliability of future cash inflows that an investment or project will yield.
How to calculate net present value (NPV) |
Before I show you how to calculate the net present value or NPV, let me briefly explain what it is. Simply put, it's a way to decide whether or not to invest in a project by looking at the projected cash inflows and outflows.

MBA resouces - basic finance concepts

Doesn't look like it's been updated in a while but still an excellent site...

Contents teaches you basic finance concepts.

* Time Value of Money - Present Value, Future Value
* Annuities - The Present Value of an Annuity
* Perpetuities - The Present Value of a Perpetuity
* Kinds of Interest Rates - Nominal Rate, Periodic Rate, Effective Annual Rate (EAR)
* Future Value of an Uneven Cash flow
* Probability Distribution - Expected Rate of Return (ERR)
* Standard Deviation
* CAPM - Beta
* Security Market Line
* Bond Valuation - Par Value, Coupon Payments, Indenture, Present Value of a Bond
* Stock Valuation - Preferred Stock, Common Stock, The Constant Growth Formula
* Cost of Capital- Cost of Retained Earnings, Cost of Common Stock, Cost of Prefered Stock, Cost of Bonds

Business Management 101 - Recommended Case Study Sources

Business Studies | Case Study | Teacher & Student Resource
The following case studies show all the business studies theory you need to know in practice. By studying real life business case studies, you will see how business and marketing work and therefore learn quicker.

Each of the following case studies show a different aspect to business and marketing that you can use as a revision tool for your business studies.

Caseplace .org The Leading Resource for Innovative MBA Teaching Materials from the top MBA Publishers - Cases, Syllabi, and More is an online library of reading materials, multimedia content, and teaching modules that focuses on social, environmental and ethical issues in business. is a project of The Aspen Institute Center for Business Education.
This database contains abstracts and ordering information for case studies written and published by the Stanford Graduate School of Business. You may search by authors name, title, keyword, etc. Most cases in this collection are distributed by Harvard Business Publishing and you will find a link to the HBP site to place your order. Please contact us for other cases.

Cases - Harvard Business for Educators
In 2005, low-cost carrier JetBlue Airways makes a move that seems antithetical to the low-cost carrier model by adding a second type of aircraft to the fleet, the Embraer 190. This decision allows the airline to service medium-sized cities and achieve higher growth rates. By 2007, in response to rising fuel costs and softening demand for air travel, President and CEO David Barger recognizes that the airline must slow its growth. Students examine the impact of the two-aircraft strategy on JetBlue's operations and consider how to make reductions in aircraft capacity across the two types of planes in the fleet.

Thursday, June 10, 2010

China's Huawei on convergence, last mile and growth markets #telecoms

What interests me is not just Huawei's growth in telecoms and plans for more, including the last-mile business in Australia, also but the acknowledgement that IBM is engaged to revamp and integrate their financial system (and Accenture for CRM, too). 

 Huawei’s Brave New World - Digits - WSJ
Mr. Zhang: In 2009, Huawei grew operating profit margin by 1.2% to 14.1%. Huawei is firmly committed to continually enhancing and managing our margins. We are working with IBM on implementing an integrated financial system across our organization, as well as working with Accenture to update our customer relationship management systems.

Dow Jones: Huawei has been expanding overseas, looking at growth opportunities. Which markets are attractive? And are you looking at any acquisition targets?

Mr. Zhang: One area that is particularly attractive is last mile connectivity for rural communities in both developed Australia and emerging markets India, Africa where Huawei has extensive experience we can share. Our strategy is to deliver customer-centric innovative systems that bring business value to our customers by being well positioned in the core competencies of mobile, fixed and IP data. We don’t exclude the possibility of acquisitions if it strengthens our competitiveness.

Sunday, May 30, 2010

Let's compare Apples with, umm, Apples?

OK, I can see what they are getting at - the iPad looks like a hit. Despite tablet PCs being on the market for yonks, when Apple releases a slick product with some key features (and the usual missing ones) it gets massive media attention - and somehow people feel the urge to queue. Not everyone, but well, lots do, anyway. As a product it's well designed and styled but probably needs a key long-term driver, other than pure hype. It may be that we "need" another e-reader or a bigger iPhone - and the swish iPad combines enough features of these genres to provide that enduring push. Although sheer numbers sold may also allow it to become a quasi-standard in such things as automotive electronics by simply dominating the "ecosystem" like the iPod has done.  It depends upon standardised connections and incoming competitors. If someone offers easier connection coupled with similar packaging at a lower price that may shove the iPad off the ecosystem stage. But Apple would adapt it - slowly - as they do with all of their products, to mesh with the market drivers.

But exactly why are we comparing the Mac with the iPad? Just for fun? As in "Oh, here's an interesting stat. This new device is different and cheaper and is selling more!" Wow, that's an insight!

Hmm. More seriously it's a competitor, sure, and may cannibalise some Apple Mac sales. But it's complementary, really. Of course if people don't want full functionality in a computer and really just want a few key things in a portable package then, yes, it may well kill off the severely niche-borne Mac. Is that what they are looking - or hoping - for? To me that's a sad view - let's accept that the tablet is finally here and that it will settle into its niche, just like the Mac has done. And let them both live on.

Apple iPad Sales Expected to Exceed Mac Sales Internationally | John Paczkowski | Digital Daily | AllThingsD
Noting that the nine countries in which the iPad debuted today are among Apple’s strongest international markets, RBC Capital Markets analyst Mike Abramsky said he expects the company to sell more iPads than Macs internationally–600,000 to 700,000 or more in the third quarter of fiscal 2010. Abramsky figures international Mac sales will come in at around 500,000.

Saturday, May 29, 2010

Labelled as Gen Y but nothing of the sort - how to twist and distort stats

The article itself balances its comments with the obvious - that we cannot assume that what we may call "Gen Y" will retain its current preferences and habits from here to eternity. In fact we should assume the opposite - that they will indeed change their comforts and attitudes as they age. So why does the headline writer claim that "Gen Y" wants its privacy? Why bother with the generational label at all? Why not simply say "young people, ie those in this age group" express these current behaviours?

It's highly likely that what we perceive as generational change is just aging. What we think and do and how we see our selves and the world changes as we age, mature and accrue responsibility - and as we shrug off social ties we no longer need or trust and instead bind more strongly to the families we build. It's not a "Gen Y" thing at all - it's just how we are at a certain age.  

Look Out Facebook: Gen Y Wants Its Privacy | BNET Technology Blog | BNET
Younger adults are more careful about their online reputations — and, as a result, more concerned about privacy — than older generations. That bodes ill for companies that trade in the details of consumers’ lives.

Market cap means little unless you want to buy a stake... or boast about what you are "worth"

Apple, Microsoft and the Market Cap Myth | BNET Technology Blog | BNET
It seems that the press has found this week’s Next Big Topic: that Apple (AAPL) surpassed Microsoft in market cap. In the U.S., it’s now second only to Exxon (XOM). Microsoft CEO Steve Ballmer essentially dismissed market cap as a measure of importance.

Thursday, April 03, 2008

Stats, stats, stats

Can't get enough of statistics, I really can't. First of all, you have to question them. Don't give in to the allure of your first interpretation. Dig deep and dive in, and keep questioning. Chances are that if someone is using stats to prove an argument then they are using only those stats that help their case. So it follows that other stats will work against their case. Only when you see the full picture will you get a chance to make a reasoned, informed choice. Sounds simple enough but just a quick look in the media (any medium) will show you an example of biased use of stats. Whether by accident or design, it happens every day.

Interesting Wharton article on this topic here.

Wednesday, April 02, 2008

Environmental cues and marketing

Well, yes, it does make some sense. Read this first, from Wharton: "Marketers should consider the nature of consumer environments when designing product names, packages and advertising campaigns," the researchers conclude. "A car dealership in Minnesota might consider linking itself to cold weather or mittens, whereas a restaurant in Arizona might want to consider links to the dry climate. Depending on what planet NASA decides to go to next, the Mars candy company might even want to think about introducing a new candy bar."

And then imagine what it means. Well it means that a sizable number of us are influenced by environmental cues - heck, probably all of us are influenced by these cues, surely? Anyway, some of us are influenced to actually do something, be it to subconsciously remember to eat healthily or just to favor one color over another. Well that makes sense, doesn't it, as whatever is lurking in our working memory does tend to hang around in our heads, like pop songs and certain smells and their associated feelings. Somethings just "jog" our memories and away we go...

It's not unreasonable to think that targeting colors and messages tightly around a product will help sell that product. I can remember being told many years ago when I started in the sales game (a game I left some years later) that my choice of suit and tie color would have an impact on my sales. Well I never really noticed but I can say that a sober, dark suited salesman entering a recording studio in the mid-80s was treated with undeserved respect!

Dell's continuing case study

You can't ask for a better case study, really. The Kodak vs Polaroid debacle, followed by Kodak vs Digital photography, perhaps? Well Dell vs everyone is a good one, anyway, although sometimes it looks like Dell vs Dell. Here's a link for you: Dell, the world's second largest PC vendor, plans to cut costs by $3 billion as it slashes the price of materials and components going into its gadgets and reduces operating expenses, including jobs, the company said Monday. "Now this does not happen overnight," said Lynn Tyson, vice president of investor relations at Dell, on the company's investor blog. "In fact we said we believe it will take three years to achieve an annualized savings of $3 billion. This means that before you adjust for growth, we believe our costs at the end of our fiscal 2011 will be $3 billion lower than at the end of fiscal 2008." Money saved from the cost reductions will be invested back into the business and used to improve profitability, Tyson said.

Now they are saying that they will cut some labour out of the business, which is a common way to cut costs. And they will cut out a PC production line - apparently they misjudged the size and timing of the switch to notebooks, although how they could do that is beyond me. Perhaps more worrying is that they plan to "seek savings in all areas, from design, manufacturing, logistics, materials, and operating expenses", and that they "may also sell or spin off...Dell Financial Services".

For a company that started out with a claimed innovative means of assembling PCs "to order" via super-cheap phone and on-line distribution, it's worrying that incremental review of operational costs is not embedded into the company ethos. After all, that's where they started. Pulling together reasonable quality components from competing suppliers in a just-in-time assembly process that met the individual needs of consumers, without the added overheads that the big players had built in. Oh dear. Maybe they became fat and lazy too?

Well if if needs to be knifed, so be it. As long as quality is maintained, at least where it is now, I mean. Any less and the compromises will peek through just a bit too clearly. But hiving off the finance arm? Is this a reflection of recent loss of focus on core competence? Or are they bleeding so badly that they need to convert assets to cash, pronto?

All very interesting to watch as this case study unfolds.